Paris is considered the fashion capital and the perfect place to make the first mannequins. However, the term itself was derived from Dutch and means "little man". The 180 cm high mannequins of today are, however, bigger than the average man.
From wax to fibreglass
Fashion dolls appeared in the middle of the 19th century with the development of department stores during the industrial revolution. First and foremost, wax was the carrier material, but it melted at higher temperatures. Such dolls also weighed up to 130 kg! In the 40s, Wolf&Vine designed clothing dolls made of plastic, which is not very robust. Before fibreglass was introduced to the market, wood, porcelain, gypsum and papier-mâché were also used in its manufacture.
Sandglass, Twiggy or V-figure?
Anyone who thinks that mannequins have always looked the same is wrong. They reflected the prevailing fashions and social circumstances. During World War I, female mannequins in shorter skirts were popular, due to social changes - women replaced men in the labour market. In the 20s there was an inspiration from Art Deco, Surrealism and Dadaism. 30 years later they were modelled on the hourglass figure of Marylin Monroe, while in the 60s the slender Twiggy silhouette prevailed in the shop windows. Today, athletic bodies with V-figures dominate. Only in the 70s disappeared glass eyes, real hair and dentures of doll faces. Faceless mannequins let us concentrate on the product.